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POL 100

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Department
Political Science
Course
POL 100
Professor
Loganathan Masilamani
Semester
Summer

Description
George A. Maclean, Politics: An introduction, Oxford University Press Institutions ● Organizations that have developed and are mandated to attend to particular needs for society ● Essential for building effective systems NATION STATE 1. Legal Institutions 2. Territory 3. People 4. Sovereignty 5. Recognition → United Nations provides this recognition All 5 of these things must be true for a state to be called a Nation State State ● A recognized political unit with a defined territory and people, and a central government administration responsible for administering and considered to be sovereign ● Sovereignty gives them absolute control over a defined area ● States have monopoly over legitimate use of force Nation ● Groups of persons who share an identity that is based on , but not limited to, shared ethnic, religious, cultural, or linguistic qualities ● Strictly speaking, not a state ● ‘Nation­State’ refers to sovereign state ● Closest country to being a nation state is Japan ● Canada is a Multinational­State ● De Jure ○ Exist with full recognition ○ most states around the world ● De Facto ○ exist as a matter of fact ○ not recognized by other states ○ Ex: Taiwan Sovereignty ● Recognition by other political authorities that a government is legitimate and rightful for a political community ● Internally must exert control; externally must have recognition International System ● Organizations of states among themselves and the interactions they undertake ● All have some legal status and essential quality ● Reality is that states have different capabilities based on their size, resources, wealth etc. Power ● ‘Ability to achieve goals in a political system, and to have others do as you wish them to’ ● The ‘principle concept’ in politics ● Dynamic: actively used to achieve goals ● Static: used as measurement of relative capability ● Power can be wielded in different ways ● Hard vs. soft power: tangible incentives and punishment vs. ideas and influence Influence ● ‘Ability to change behaviour in others without exerting direct power over them’ ● Closely related to power, and often seen as a substitute for power ● Connected to leadership Authority ● ‘Power or right to force obedience’ ● Where individuals or groups are given certain rights and responsibilities to lead the political system ● Traditional: passed down through generations ● Rational­legal: based on rules and norms ● Charismatic: special qualities of the individual Leadership ● ‘Group of individuals that lead society’ ● Closely related to influence and authority ● May or may not come with power Legitimacy ● ‘Lawful, appropriate, proper, and conforming to the standards of a political system’ ● Belief by community that those in charge ought to be ○ ‘Certifying’ the rulers and form of rule ● Basis for legitimacy may be con
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