POL 100 Chapter 6
Decentralization: process whereby power and authority is taken from the
central government and conferred to non-central governments. Ex: state,
Sovereignty: recognition by other political authorities that a government is
legitimate and rightful for a political community
Delegated authority: situation where some powers may be given to sub-
national authorities by the national government in a unitary system
Unitary System: political systems that concentrate political authority and
powers within one central government, which is singularly responsible for
the activities of the political unit, both domestic and foreign.
Centralization: concentration of power in a single body, usually the
Federalism: form of governance that divides powers between the central
government and regional governments; often, particular roles and capacities
are given to the regional governments.
Confederalism: political system of divided powers where added power is
given to the non-central governments, and limited authority and power is
conferred to the central government.
Devolution: political system where some authority is given to the regional
governments, but the power to oversee, dismiss, or entrench these
authorities is still held by the central government.
Reserved matters: powers not given to the Northern Ireland Assembly, but
that may be transferred to the region at a later date
Excepted matters: powers not given to the Northern Ireland Assembly, and
that will remain permanently under the control of the central g