Feelings: States that involve a pattern of COG, PSYC and behavioural
reaction to events.
- Social communication
4 Features of emotions
1. Emotions are triggered by eliciting stimuli.
2. Responses result from appraisals of these stimuli.
3. Our bodies respond to our appraisals.
4. Emotions involve behaviour tendencies
Expressive – demonstrating our emotions.
Instrumental – allow us to do something to change our emotional
- Eliciting stimuli -> COG appraisal --- Instrumental behaviour
- Trigger emotional responses
- External or internal
External ex: lottery ticket
Internal ex: memory of winning the lottery
- Determining value of eliciting stimuli is an innate ability
- Also influenced by learning
- COG appraisals
Interpretations of and meanings that we attach to sensory stimuli
Conscious or unconscious o Ex: odors
Appraisals: Role of culture
- Strong cross-cultural similarities
- Some appraisals differ by culture
- Limbic system
- Thalamus – dual response pathways
1. Sensory input comes in to the Thalamus. (Activation of emotions)
2. Amygdala gives a primitive response. (Physiological and behavioural
3. Sensory impulses to neocortex for COG processing
4. Cerebral cortex receives sensory input from Thalamus. Activation of
emotions by COG processes
- Right: Negative emotions
- Left: Positive emotions
- Expressive behaviours
- Charles Darwin – emotional displays contribute to survival
Fundamental emotional patterns