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PSYC 100
Russell Day

PSYC 100 Russell Day Chap1 Monism vs Dualism: Monism: mind/body is not separate. One whole spiritual entity Dualism: mind is not subject to physical body. Mind/body separate. Structuralism: analyse mind in terms of basic elements (such as sensation, feelings, images) Functionalism: study functions of consciousness (rather than structure) Critical thinking: take an active role in understanding the world, (rather than merely receiving info)  Should: reflect on what info means/ how it fits with previous experience/ implications for life/society  Avoid being misled by everyday life claims. Basic research: reflect quest for knowledge (for the sake of knowledge) Applied research: designed to solve specific practical problems Central goals of psychology: 1. Describe (how ppl behave) 2. Understand (cause of behavior) 3. Predict (how ppl will behave under certain condition) 4. Influence (behavior through control of its cause) 5. Apply (psyc knowledge to enhance welfare) Roots of psychology: -Philosophical roots: -Dualism vs monism -British empiricism: idea/knowledge gain by empirically through senses PSYC 100 Russell Day Chap1 Scientific roots: -Study of how psychologically experienced sensations depend on characteristics of physical stimulus -Charles Darwin evolution theory: Human mindproduct of biological continuity between human/other species, not spiritual entity Study other species gain human behavior knowledge Human behavior shape by evolution Psychodynamic perspective: unconscious mind/childhood experience determine behavior Search behavior cause within inner workings of personality Emphasize unconscious mind No free will to change Sigmund Freud theory: analysis of internal/unconscious psychological forces Childhood significant impact on behavior Behavioral perspective: Environment determine behavior (stimulus-response) Behaviorism: study of observable behavior Watson: psychology study observable behavior, not inner consciousness Skinner: real cause of behavior is in outer world (not inside a person) Thorndike: learning is key to understand how experience mold behavior (good outcome happen more) Pavlov
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