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PSYC 100 (245)
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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 100
Professor
Leah Esplen
Semester
Summer

Description
PSY 100Chapter 1FoundationsDefinition of psychologyScience of behavior and the mindThe scientific study of behavior and mental processesFocuses on empirical evidence and critical thinkingWilhelm Wundt father of psychologyEstablished first psychology lab in Leipzig Germany in 1879Structuralism sought to identify the basic building blocks or structures of mental life through introspectionWilliam James first American psychologistVery critical of structuralismFunctionalism study how the mind functions to adapt organisms to their environmentDarwins influenceForced scientists and thoughtful people working in many disciplines to consider the basic features held in common by many or all animals such as thinking and social behaviorAnimals keep features through evolution that help them adapt to environmentsBEHAVIOR SERVES A PURPOSEFreud key founder of psychoanalytic viewBehavior driven by unconscious processes and unresolved past conflictsSkinner behaviorismRejected introspection study of mental processes determined unscientificRedefined psychology as science of observable behaviorRogers and Maslow humanistic psychologyOnes perception of reality is what mattersEmphasis on free will and selfactualizationLed to modern field of positive psych
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