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Lecture 3

PSYC 106 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Abraham Maslow, Humanistic Psychology, Active Listening


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 106
Professor
Sherri Atwood
Lecture
3

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Humanistic Theories of Personality
In the 1960’s, some psychologists began to reject
the dehumanizing ideas in Behaviorism, and
the dysfunctional view of people in Psychodynamic thought.
Maslow and Rogers sought to offer a “Third Force” in psychology: The
Humanistic Perspective.
They studied healthy people rather than people with mental health problems.
Humanism: focusing on the conditions that support healthy personal
growth.
Humanistic psychology (Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers) emphasizes the
human potential for growth, self-actualization, and personal fulfillment.
Humanistic therapy attempts to support personal growth by helping people gain
self-awareness and self-acceptance.
“Client-centered therapy”
is Carl Rogers’s name for his style of humanistic therapy.
Person-centered (or client centered) therapy: Assumes that all individuals have a
tendency toward growth and this growth can be facilitated by acceptance and
genuine reactions from the therapist
Style of Client centered Therapy
Active listening
Accepts what the client says without judging
Shows trust that client can solve own problems (versus Freudian approach).
Showing Empathy Through
Active Listening
Client-centered therapists show that they are tuning in to clients’ feelings and
meanings.
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