PSYC 109W- Lecture 7
What is Consciousness?
Awareness of Internal and External Stimuli
o External events
o Internal sensations
o Self as being unique
o Thoughts about experiences
William James- Stream of consciousness
Sigmund Freud- Variations in levels of awareness
What EXACTLY is consciousness?
What is consciousness for/why do we have it?
How did consciousness evolve?
Where is consciousness, and how does it work?
Are non-human animals conscious?
How Psychology Teaches Consciousness
Sleep and dreaming
Meditation and hypnosis
Brain abnormalities, near-death experiences, déjà vu, ESP
Why Psychology Teaches Consciousness That Way
Psychology originally studied consciousnessvery difficult
Much is unknown
DUALISM vs. MONISM
The presumption that mind and body are two distinct entities that interact
o Problem how does it interact? Classical dualism
Mental processes vs. physical processes
Homunculus, the “theatre of the mind”
The presumption that mind and body are different aspects of the same thing
o Growth of monismfMRIs, etc.
Evidence for a Monistic View
Perception vs. Sensation
Drugs- chemically altered states of consciousness
Cocaine Euphoria and Crash
Cocaine blocks reuptake of neurotransmitters, yielding th