PSYC 221 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Verbal Arithmetic, Problem Solving, Frontal Lobe

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Most problem solving involves intermediate stages: hobbits and orcs problem. Different kinds of problems (but 2 main categories: well-defined: usually have rules, clear starting point, clear end point. Ill-defined: not clear what the rules are or where to start. Not great, but the best methods that we have. Candle problem (have to put the candle to the wall and light it) people solve it at different times depending on how they get the supplies (matches box, candle stick, and tacks) Two string problem: have to tie them together but they (cid:272)a(cid:374)"t rea(cid:272)h the(cid:373) at the sa(cid:373)e ti(cid:373)e. Negative set- another mental block solving a problem in this set way. Analogical reasoning = helpful for ill-defined problems. Good for ill-defined problems it is setting a number of sub goals and reaching the sub goals in order to get closer to the end goal. Good for well-defined problems as well tower of hanoi problem.

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