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Lecture 6

PSYC 221 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Donald O. Hebb, Autobiographical Memory, Asymptote

Course Code
PSYC 221
Thomas Spalek

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Chapter 6: Episodic Long
Term Memory
Hermann Ebbinghaus
first to study memory
empirically: Uber das Gedachtnis (1885)
used technique of learning, allowing time to forget, then relearning advantage of relearning
over original learning = savings
Types of Long Term Memories
episodic a person’s autobiographical memory, memory of the personally experienced and remembered
events of a lifetime semantic general world knowledge, knowledge that relates concepts and ideas to one
another, including your knowledge of how to express those concepts and ideas in language
Implicit unconscious
Characterizing Memories
Transfer:How is information copied into the store?
Capacity: How much information can the store hold?
Representation: What is the format of information in the store?
Forgetting: How does information get lost from the store?
Retrieval: How is information recovered from the store?
The Buffer Model
input from the world
Sensory Memory
Working Memory
Long-term Memory
Attention retrieval
transfer rehearsal
Rehearsal: a set of techniques/strategies for encoding information into long term memory
discriminate two kinds of rehearsal:
Maintenance: keeps information "alive" in WM; rote recycling
Elaboration: "promotes" information to LTM; think about and connect
Donald Hebb
Canada’s best known psychologist
interested in all aspects of learning
Rundus (1971)
find more resources at
find more resources at
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