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psyc 260 - Lecture 3

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Simon Fraser University
PSYC 260
Lara Aknin

Research Methods a) helps us understand the terminology and the field b) provides insight to conclusions of studies c) makes you an educated consumer of research to get rid of: -‘Knew it all along’ effect: everything seems obvious psychology as an empirical science -sometimes we have conflicting evidence that we need science to help us figure it out ex. Birds of a feather flock together vs. opposites attract which is correct? -construct theories and hypothesis to test -theory: organized set of principles that can be used to explain observed phenomena -from theory, we can generate a hypothesis -hypothesis: tentative explanation for a set of facts that can be tested with further investigation 3 main research methods 1. Observational: researcher observes people and systematically records behavior a. Record and measure behavior in natural setting b. Up close and immediatewatching people on a bus c. From a distance and at a delay experience sampling methods (beeper questions that come up randomly throughout the day) -advatages: -real life behavior -good way to understand how people behave in natural setting -disadv: -some behaviors can be hard to observe -behaviors can be hard to measure reliably -operational definition: a description of exactly how variables are measured or manipulated -ex. Talk with strangers -does a one word exchange count? -who is considered a strangers? -need to be clear about what ‘talking to a stranger’ means -EAR (electronically activated recorder) features: -new technology allows for unobtrusive naturalistic observation of everyday lives -wear on their belt/clothing, people forget about it and goes on with everyday lives -records ~70 30 sec. clips from 1 person/day -adv: -unobstrusive -doesn’t rely on self report -reduces self-presentation concernsmake themselves look better in front of researchers -Ethonography: -form of observational method -studying a
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