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Lecture 3

Braaiins & Psychophysics - Week 3.docx

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PSYC 308
Jennifer Bazar

Braaiins & Psychophysics – Week 3 1/22/2013 5:32:00 PM Assignment - Scavenger Hunt Due next week (23:59)  Do we need to use in-text citations? Two options:  Leave them out BUT list the reference for the information immediately below your answer for that question OR;  Include in-text citations in your answers AND provide a list of your references on a separate page  Question 10: Acronym Finder is not a reliable source  How does it relate with the class?  Bonus Question: IMDB may be reliable  Pavlov; “carve”  Use another term; “What he signed, or unique artifact; signature) How much detail is required?  Answer ALL parts of a question o Ex. What is Beverly Prosser best remembered for in psychology and where is her grave located?  2 parts; WHAT she is best remembered for and WHERE her grave is located  Partial marks are assigned Remember: Full Sentences (No point form) APA format Lecture Locating “Mind”  4000 B.C (Southern Mesopotamia; effect of poppy plant) o Earliest writing on the brain  2500 B.C. Egyptians place importance on the heart o Heart remained a central focus; heart stopped, life stopped?  2000 B.C. Trephination; practice of cutting and removing that portion of skull o Murder? o Science of healing; people lived long after incisions took place  Spiritual; let out evil spirits  It’s still effective among civilizations today  335 B.C: Aristotle places soul in the heart o Brain = air conditioner  “Hot headed”  Middle Ages: Church ban on dissection o Dissection is helpful to discover more; specifically people that are sick or ill (specific traits) Leonardo da Vinci; didn’t publish his work  1500 sketches Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564)  Motor abilities; muscle movement  He did publish his works Rene Descartes (1596-1650)  Mind-Brain dualism o Separated the two; but interact at the pineal gland  Brain; machine-like property  Mind; immaterial; distinctly human characteristic  He mentioned how they both influenced one another; working in interactions Franz Joseph Gall; idea of Phrenology  Measuring shapes of skulls with people who had distinct skills/abilities  Focus on exterior In opposition; Marie Jean Pierre Flourens  French physiologist  Removed portions of brains and observed behaviour o Lesion was made in an area for problem-solving ability  Noticed no difference in mathematical skills  However; other behaviour was effected Localization of function: debate Around the year 1860, Paul Broca  The Case of M.Leborgne (aka. “Tan”) o Was not illiterate; had family; had a job  Post-modem examination was performed; (Brain was donated and preserved) o Discovered a major lesion in the left-part of his brain  Related this area with speech production  Accumulated more evidence to conclude impairment in that area leads to speech production failure  “Broca’s area”  There may be localization and many parts can focus and cont
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