PSYC 356 Lecture Notes - John Bowlby, Cyclothymia, Agoraphobia

51 views7 pages
Published on 2 Feb 2013
Department
Course
Professor
Lecture2
January16,2013
ResearchandAssessmentinDevelopmentalPsychopathology
(Midterm:Longerquestionmaybeacasewithspecificquestionsaboutthecase)
ScientificApproachestoResearch
Theory&PriorResearch→ResearchQuestion→Hypotheses/Predictions→Methodsof
Measurement→ResearchDesign→DataCollection/Findings→Inferences/Interpretation→
Theory&PriorResearch
TopicsofResearch
Differentapproachestounderstandingchildhooddisorders
epidemiologicalresearchDTES.Notattheindividuallevelbutabroadersense
incidenceratesnewcases
prevalencerateshowwidespread
Correlates,risks,andcauses
● riskvs.protectivefactors
● moderating(interactionalincreasesordecreasesvariable)andmediating(causalwhy
twothingsrelated)variables
Outcomesassociatedwithchildhoodproblems
treatmentefficacy:beginningstagesofamedicationtofindoutifitworks.
Wellcontrolledconditions.LiketestingitoutinthelabatSFUtofindouthowwellit
works.
treatmenteffectiveness:implementingthedrugintherealworld.Inactualclinical
practice.Probablyquitedifferentfrominalab.
Prospectiveandretrospectiveresearch
realtimeprospectivedesigns:longitudinal
○ problems:expensive,attrition
retrospectivedesigns:sampleaskedforinformationrelatingtoanearliertimeperiod
○ problems:memoryisn’tperfect
AndrewWakefield(Autismfuckupdude)
Autism→Vaccines
SharkAttacks→IceCream
ShortSighted→NightLight
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 7 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
AssessmentandTreatment
CaseStudyDanny:howishedoingcognitively?Whatdoesheknow?(Academicachievement
hiscognitivelevelmaybedifferentthanthatwhichisdisplayedintheclassroomassignments)
● meetDanny’sfamily
○ birthandpregnancypotentiallyrelevant
○ developmentaldelays?
○ earlytemperament
AssessmentQuestions
PurposeofAssessment
● detailedportraitofDanny
● developaclinicaldescriptionofthechild’suniqueemotions,thoughts,andbehaviour
● determinerangeandcontextofdifficulties
● helpidentifyappropriatediagnosisifany
● identifystrengthsandcompetencies
● determineetiologicalorsituationalfactors
● mostimportant:tomakerecommendationsforhistreatment
Descriptionanddiagnosis
clinicaldescription:summarisethechild’suniquebehaviours,thoughts,andfeelings
prognosis:predictionforfuture
treatment
AssessmentProcedures
● interviewDanny’sparents
● interviewDanny
● testing→cognitive,academic,inhibitorycontrols,howheviewshimself
PsychologicalTesting
StandardisedAssessmentInstruments
● needstobethesameasbeingcomparedtootherchildrenofthatage
AssessmentComponents
● checklistsfilledoutbyparentsandteacherandcomparedtoresponsesofotherparents
ofchildrenofsameageandgender.
● lotsofdifferenttestsandstrategiestogainbetterpicturemultimethodapproach
Checklistsandratingscalesareeconomical
Projectivetesting:ambiguousimageanddescribeit(i.e.Rorschach)
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 7 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
Monthly
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.