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Lecture

PSYC 356 Lecture Notes - John Bowlby, Cyclothymia, Agoraphobia


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 356
Professor
Arlene Young

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Lecture2
January16,2013
ResearchandAssessmentinDevelopmentalPsychopathology
(Midterm:Longerquestionmaybeacasewithspecificquestionsaboutthecase)
ScientificApproachestoResearch
Theory&PriorResearch→ResearchQuestion→Hypotheses/Predictions→Methodsof
Measurement→ResearchDesign→DataCollection/Findings→Inferences/Interpretation→
Theory&PriorResearch
TopicsofResearch
Differentapproachestounderstandingchildhooddisorders
epidemiologicalresearchDTES.Notattheindividuallevelbutabroadersense
incidenceratesnewcases
prevalencerateshowwidespread
Correlates,risks,andcauses
● riskvs.protectivefactors
● moderating(interactionalincreasesordecreasesvariable)andmediating(causalwhy
twothingsrelated)variables
Outcomesassociatedwithchildhoodproblems
treatmentefficacy:beginningstagesofamedicationtofindoutifitworks.
Wellcontrolledconditions.LiketestingitoutinthelabatSFUtofindouthowwellit
works.
treatmenteffectiveness:implementingthedrugintherealworld.Inactualclinical
practice.Probablyquitedifferentfrominalab.
Prospectiveandretrospectiveresearch
realtimeprospectivedesigns:longitudinal
○ problems:expensive,attrition
retrospectivedesigns:sampleaskedforinformationrelatingtoanearliertimeperiod
○ problems:memoryisn’tperfect
AndrewWakefield(Autismfuckupdude)
Autism→Vaccines
SharkAttacks→IceCream
ShortSighted→NightLight

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AssessmentandTreatment
CaseStudyDanny:howishedoingcognitively?Whatdoesheknow?(Academicachievement
hiscognitivelevelmaybedifferentthanthatwhichisdisplayedintheclassroomassignments)
● meetDanny’sfamily
○ birthandpregnancypotentiallyrelevant
○ developmentaldelays?
○ earlytemperament
AssessmentQuestions
PurposeofAssessment
● detailedportraitofDanny
● developaclinicaldescriptionofthechild’suniqueemotions,thoughts,andbehaviour
● determinerangeandcontextofdifficulties
● helpidentifyappropriatediagnosisifany
● identifystrengthsandcompetencies
● determineetiologicalorsituationalfactors
● mostimportant:tomakerecommendationsforhistreatment
Descriptionanddiagnosis
clinicaldescription:summarisethechild’suniquebehaviours,thoughts,andfeelings
prognosis:predictionforfuture
treatment
AssessmentProcedures
● interviewDanny’sparents
● interviewDanny
● testing→cognitive,academic,inhibitorycontrols,howheviewshimself
PsychologicalTesting
StandardisedAssessmentInstruments
● needstobethesameasbeingcomparedtootherchildrenofthatage
AssessmentComponents
● checklistsfilledoutbyparentsandteacherandcomparedtoresponsesofotherparents
ofchildrenofsameageandgender.
● lotsofdifferenttestsandstrategiestogainbetterpicturemultimethodapproach
Checklistsandratingscalesareeconomical
Projectivetesting:ambiguousimageanddescribeit(i.e.Rorschach)
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