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Lecture 6

Lecture 6 Critical Discourse Analysis

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Simon Fraser University
PSYC 358
Sherri Atwood

PSYCHOLOGY 358 LECTURE 6: CRITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS Critical DiscourseAnalysis (CDA) - Primary Focus of Study: “The way social power abuse, dominance, power abuse, and inequality are enacted, reproduced, and resisted by text and talk in the social and political context” (Van Dijk, 2001). - Focus is on social power of groups and institutions where power is defined in terms of control. - Take a position and therefore at least resist social inequality. Main Tenets of Critical DiscourseAnalysis (Fairclough & Wodak, 1997, 271-80). 1. CDAaddresses social problems (dominance). 2. Power relations are discursive - How do more powerful groups control public discourse? - How does elite discourse control the minds (opinion and knowledge) and actions of less powerful groups? What are the social consequences of such control? A) Control of Public Discourse - Most people only have control over talk with friends, family, and workmates. - People are also passive targets of talk/text with police, tax people, bosses (people in controlling contexts). - Control of talk includes macro things like time, place, event, opinions and micro like who controls the type of speech acts, turns, volume. B) Mind Control – What makes people susceptible or vulnerable to mind control? - They want to accept beliefs from those they see as credible (this is subjective). - Obligation to be recipients (jobs, education, children, upbringing). - May not have the knowledge (hence the discourse) to challenge the information they are exposed
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