REM 100 october 5th notes.docx

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Department
Resource & Environmtl Mgmt
Course
REM 100
Professor
Neil Braganza
Semester
Fall

Description
REM – 100 th October 5 2012 Ecological philosophies - Conservation: - 1864: George perkins publishes physical geography as a modified by human action (revised in 1874 as the earth as modified by human action) . 1885 banff national park established as Canada’s first national park; . 1890: congress establishes sequoia national park and Yosemite national park; . 1907: John Muir publishes the Tuolumne Yosemite in danger in an effort to prevent the Hetch Hetchy valley from being dammed (which subsequently failed). . 1907: marks the division of the conservation movement into: - Preservationist conservationists: sought to maintain natural areas in their natural state, and - Utilitarian conservationists: seek to manage the sustainable harvesting of natural resources for human benefit. . 1907, Jasper national park is established; and . Canada: the national parks act was passed in 1930. . Aldo Leopold (1887 – 1948): “A thing is right when it tends to preserve the integrity, stability, and beauty of the biotic community. It is wrong when it tends otherwise.” . One of the earliest examples of an ecocentric western scholar; . Instrumental in establishing professional wildlife management; and . Asserts that a basic lack of human regard for the land was the cause of the most resource and agricultural problems. . Echoes ST. Francis of Assisi, humans should see themselves as “plain members and citizens” of the biotic community; . He calls for an ethic that deals with humans’ “relation to the land and to the animals and plants that grow upon it.” - His is an extensionist ecological philosophy; - He argues for this by enlarging the boundry of the community to include the and; - He calls for the establishment of an ecological conscience; - He asserts that private land owners (or land managers) are in need of a land ethic in order to explicitly acknowledge their obligations to the land. Top Carnivores: Wolves; Lions Ect. ------------------------------- Humans, Bears, Raccoons ----------------------------------------- Birds and rodents ------------------------------------------------------- Insects --------------------------------------------------------------------- Plants ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Soil The A/B cleavage A: Utilitarian - Land is only soil that provides for commodity production; - Forestry: Trees are fibre to be provided by tree farms and silviculture (agronomic) B: Preservationist (Merv Wilkinson) - Land is a biota which provides many services of nature; - Forestry: it uses natural species and manages a natural environment rather than creating an artificial one (wildlife, recreation, watersheds, and wilderness uses are included) A: - Wildlife Management: - Other species provide the basic commodities for sport and meat (game hunting and s
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