REM 100 notes November 23rd.docx

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Department
Resource & Environmtl Mgmt
Course
REM 100
Professor
Neil Braganza
Semester
Fall

Description
rd REM 100 notes November 23 Costs and benefits • Slightly less productive compared to high input agriculture(there is argument over this); • Often more profitable – markedly so where consumers will pay more for organic produce; • Substantial productivity gains possible in subsistence agriculture; • Badgley and Perfecto(2007) argue that organic food production has the capacity to feed the world • They found consistently high yields in the developing world from organic agriculture and agro ecological practices (crop rotation, cover cropping, agroforestry, use of organic fertilizers (N), and water efficiency). Organic Agriculture • Organic farming involves the production of food and other agricultural products without the use of synthetic inputs such as chemical fertilizers, chemical pesticides, chemical growth regulators or hormones, antibiotics and GMO’s • Certified Organic Associations of British Columbia (COABC) is an umbrella organization representing provincial organic certifying agencies. It is designated under the Act to implement the British Columbia Certified Organic Program. Organic produce is identified by the designation British Columbia Certified Organic. Emerging Agricultural Issues • Food crops of fuel and price concerns; • Genetically modified organisms (GMO’s); • Climate change; • Global urban sprawl; • Avian bird flu and Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) (mad cow disease); • Increases in animal-based diets: Biotechnology and genetically modified food • Novel techniques for modifying organisms and their physiological processes for applied purposes; • Joining the DNA of two organisms produces a recombinant DNA; and • Some argue that it has improved both food production and quality. The uncertainties of G
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