SA 150 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Social Control, Cultural Relativism, Culture Shock

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Published on 19 Apr 2013
School
Simon Fraser University
Department
Sociology and Anthropology
Course
SA 150
Professor
Lecture 2 January 14th 2013-01-07 12:30 PM 4/18/2013 9:12:00 PM
Common sense
“the collection of prejudice acquired by the age 18” Albert Einstein
The Emperor’s New Clothes
Naked emperor, magic cloth can’t see if you are stupid
Just because the whole believes something to be true, doesn’t mean that it
is
Issues of power are tied up in our everyday interactions
Key concepts
Norms
Standards of behavior, generally accepted ways of doing things
Expected to pay tickets, give up seats to elderly on the bus
“Neither the life of the individual nor the history of society can be
understood without understanding both” – C. Wright Mills
Rosa Parks
Boycotting for a year which lead to race segregation on the bus to be
repealed
Deviance
Violation of social norms
Social control
Includes sanctions (can be rewards or punishments)
Anomie
A state of normlessness
Suicide in Canada
Durkheim: Why do people commit suicide?
Personal problems and states of minds
An individual’s likelihood to commit suicide is related to social solidarity: how
integrated a person is into society
Social factors: suicide and aboriginal communities
Royal commission on aboriginal peoples
Culture stress
Historical context: colonialism
Ethnocentrism
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Using the standards of your own culture to evaluate and judge another
culture
Ethnocentrism and academia
Science = objectivity
They will be unbiased
Positivism: assumption that society operates according to the set of laws
that can be discovered through objective study and research
Objectivity and ethnocentrism
Ethnocentrism and “cultural evolution”
Traditional, undeveloped, uncivilized, backwards
Modern, developed, civilized, forward looking
White male dominated cultures are the ones considered as developed and it
explains and expands the theories of developed cultures
Cultural relativism
Evaluating or judging a culture by its own standards
Canada embraces private property and in Scotland they have the “right to
roam”
Think about how your own culture or perspective will influence your
judgment
Culture
Cultural music
Multiculturalism
Melting pot: many cultures melted down to one distinct American culture
Multiculturalism helps promote globalization and negotiate diversity
Culture shock: engaging in a new culture that is unknown and different
Culture: the shared practices, ideas and material objects that form the way
of life of a people
Shared
Transmitted (passed on from one generation to next)
Cumulative and in relation to the past
Culture:
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Document Summary

The collection of prejudice acquired by the age 18 albert einstein. Naked emperor, magic cloth can"t see if you are stupid. Just because the whole believes something to be true, doesn"t mean that it is. Issues of power are tied up in our everyday interactions. Standards of behavior, generally accepted ways of doing things. Expected to pay tickets, give up seats to elderly on the bus. Neither the life of the individual nor the history of society can be understood without understanding both c. wright mills. Boycotting for a year which lead to race segregation on the bus to be repealed. An individual"s likelihood to commit suicide is related to social solidarity: how integrated a person is into society. Using the standards of your own culture to evaluate and judge another culture. Positivism: assumption that society operates according to the set of laws that can be discovered through objective study and research.

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