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SA 150 Lecture Notes - Social Stratification, Neurology, Sex Segregation

Sociology and Anthropology
Course Code
SA 150
Amie Mc Lean

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Ch.11: Work and Occupation
12:32 PM
Why do we tend to remember serial killers and not their victims?
They are depicted on mass media
They pose a threat to the society so it is something to be aware of
Multiple victims whereas there's one serial killer, easier to remember that
one person
Who gets chosen as a victim?
They are classified by labels ( Pickton example, the victims were sex workers,
aboriginal women, and low ses)
People with less power
Structural functionalism
Focuses on stability and how it promotes social cohesion, also looks at a
social dysfunction(any pattern that may disrupt the operation of society)
What is the function of remembering a serial killer?
oRemembering them helps re-affirm core values of a society, or the
social morale that killing is wrong
oIt promotes social cohesion by bringing out groups to mourn for the
Social Conflict theory
Focus on power inequality and conflict
Exploitation and impoverishment that can really benefit the rich
Makes connections between ignoring the victims of the crime and ignoring
the impoverishment (ignoring confinement of aboriginal land)
This theorist is gonna argue that the violent facing women in Canada and are
in direct association of colonielism
Social conflict theorist may also take a gender analysis of the situation--
saying that we remember the man because of the male dominance and link
these issues to capitalism where there is a increasing cult around serial killers
Social conflict theorists also look at how social change can occur
Symbolic Interactionism
Takes a micro level approach
Looks at how it may be related to individual interactions and social meanings
Symbolic interactionism will look at how our knowledge with serial killer can
shape our actions and interactions
oLook at how these issues shape our understanding of violence and
victims and how we perceive these crimes
oWe tend to perceive the actions of victim to increase their risk of being
oLook at how our knowledge on these crimes may change the way a
women will dress.
Globalization and Work

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The economy
How the economy operates globally and in a Canadian context
Sociologist defines the economy: social institution that organizes a society's
production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services
Interested in what the relationship is with the economy and work
Sociologist try to understand the economy in relation to social justice
We will focus on Capitalism, socialism and welfare capitalism
oSocialism and capitalism are depicted as polar opposites but
realistically it is a mix of the two
Capitalism: economic system where natural resources and mean of
production are privately owned
oLooks at justice and freedom as one in the same
oImportant feature: private ownership --individuals can own anything
oAnother important feature is pursuit of profit or profit motive--on going
push to create profit and wealth. Drive to adopt business models to produce
oDebate in society--whether profit model benefits to society as a whole
or to only benefit certain individuals and not others. Benefit certain few to
the cost of others --social conflict theory. Saying that everyone benefits
from profit model is structural functionalism
Neoliberalism --everything should be regulated by supply and demand
oPlays important role in influencing the economy and work
oThis model is referred to leader alone
Socialism: economic system where natural resources and means of
production are collectively owned
oCollective ownership. Example in Canada is crown land--land owned by
govt and administered by govt for Canadians as a whole
oCollective goals : Canadian constitution promises its citizens, peace,
order and good government where US is life, liberty and pursuit of
oImportant to distinguish btwn communism(hypothetical economic
system): associated with Karl Marx--ownership of production
Welfare capitalism: combines a mostly market-based economy with extensive
social welfare programs
oThink about Canadian societies in relation to states that practice
welfare capitalism
oHere in Canada has lots of negative connotations--such as charity and
govt handouts etc..
oIn other societies--it refers to issues of well being. Where the society
focuses on the citizens overall well being
oCharacteristics of welfare states:
1. Collective ownership of key industries (e.g. health care,
2. Regulation of industry (e.g. labour standards, health care
3. High taxation (health care covered, post secondary free to
4. High levels of social services
oAccess to healthcare could literally mean the situation of life and death
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