SA 255 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Intersectionality, Donna Haraway, Postcolonialism

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Tuesday, January 12, 2016
CRITICAL SOCIAL RESEARCH AND FEMINIST
METHODOLOGY!
SA255
Reminder(s)!
- Article review due Jan. 19th, 2016 (Tues)!
!
Review!
- Positivist: Knowledge from direct observation, measurable phenomena!
!i. Neutral, objective!
!ii. Scientific method (cause and effect)!
- Interpretivist: Knowledge based on understanding meaning/interpreting participants!
!i. Subjective!
- Qualitative methods: Interviews, participant observation, conversation analysis,
journal writing, photographs, lit./film analysis!
!i. Descriptive data!
- Quantitative methods: surveys, experiments, statistics!
!i. Numerical data!
- Emancipatory: seeking positive societal change!
- Empowering: seeking positive indiv. change!
- Primary sources: direct contact w/ subject!
!i. Use OWN interviews, surveys, etc.!
- Secondary sources: indirect contact !
!i. Use SOMEONE ELSE'S data!
!
!
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Tuesday, January 12, 2016
Definition of Critical Social Research - The Frankfurt School!
- Language ---> subjectivity!
- Oppression reproduced when subordinates accept their status as natural!
- All thoughts mediated by power relations; are socially/historically constructed!
- Epistemological position: facts can't be separated from values; social world must be
understood socially and historically!
- Methodology: research expose oppression, emancipate oppressed and lead to social
change!
!i. Participants aren't simply subjects!
!ii. Researcher/participant collaborate in research!
- Methods: flexible !
!
Feminist Methodologies: Origins!
- Women's Movement part of Civil Rights Movement ('60s and '70s)!
!i. Women can work, African Americans could vote ('69)!
!ii. CAN First Nations could vote ('60) IF they gave up their F.N. identity!
!iii. Feminism/Civil Rights Movement = worldwide!
!!a) Encouraged multicultural edu., post-colonial studies, international !
!!development studies, etc. !
!
What is Feminism?!
- From margin to centre... "liberate from sexist oppression"!
- Black feminism (3rd wave feminism): acknowledging other forms of oppression exist
(not solely gender-based)!
- Systems of oppression: oppressed and privileged are all damaged!
!
Prioritization in academic research... someone is always prioritized in research.!
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