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Simon Fraser University
Sociology and Anthropology
SA 150
Amie Mc Lean

Ch.11: Work and Occupation February-04-13 12:32 PM Why do we tend to remember serial killers and not their victims? • They are depicted on mass media • They pose a threat to the society so it is something to be aware of • Multiple victims whereas there's one serial killer, easier to remember that one person Who gets chosen as a victim? They are classified by labels ( Pickton example, the victims were sex workers, aboriginal women, and low ses) People with less power Structural functionalism • Focuses on stability and how it promotes social cohesion, also looks at a social dysfunction(any pattern that may disrupt the operation of society) • What is the function of remembering a serial killer? o Remembering them helps re-affirm core values of a society, or the social morale that killing is wrong o It promotes social cohesion by bringing out groups to mourn for the victims Social Conflict theory • Focus on power inequality and conflict • Exploitation and impoverishment that can really benefit the rich • Makes connections between ignoring the victims of the crime and ignoring the impoverishment (ignoring confinement of aboriginal land) • This theorist is gonna argue that the violent facing women in Canada and are in direct association of colonielism • Social conflict theorist may also take a gender analysis of the situation-- saying that we remember the man because of the male dominance and link these issues to capitalism where there is a increasing cult around serial killers • Social conflict theorists also look at how social change can occur Symbolic Interactionism • Takes a micro level approach • Looks at how it may be related to individual interactions and social meanings • Symbolic interactionism will look at how our knowledge with serial killer can shape our actions and interactions o Look at how these issues shape our understanding of violence and victims and how we perceive these crimes o We tend to perceive the actions of victim to increase their risk of being targeted o Look at how our knowledge on these crimes may change the way a women will dress. Globalization and Work The economy • How the economy operates globally and in a Canadian context • Sociologist defines the economy: social institution that organizes a society's production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services • Interested in what the relationship is with the economy and work • Sociologist try to understand the economy in relation to social justice • We will focus on Capitalism, socialism and welfare capitalism o Socialism and capitalism are depicted as polar opposites but realistically it is a mix of the two • Capitalism: economic system where natural resources and mean of production are privately owned o Looks at justice and freedom as one in the same o Important feature: private ownership --individuals can own anything o Another important feature is pursuit of profit or profit motive--on going push to create profit and wealth. Drive to adopt business models to produce profit o Debate in society--whether profit model benefits to society as a whole or to only benefit certain individuals and not others. Benefit certain few to the cost of others --social conflict theory. Saying that everyone benefits from profit model is structural functionalism • Neoliberalism --everything should be regulated by supply and demand o Plays important role in influencing the economy and work o This model is referred to leader alone • Socialism: economic system where natural resources and means of production are collectively owned o Collective ownership. Example in Canada is crown land--land owned by govt and administered by govt for Canadians as a whole o Collective goals : Canadian constitution promises its citizens, peace, order and good government where US is life, liberty and pursuit of happiness o Important to distinguish btwn communism(hypothetical economic system): associated with Karl Marx--ownership of production • Welfare capitalism: combines a mostly market-based economy with extensive social welfare programs o Think about Canadian societies in relation to states that practice welfare capitalism o Here in Canada has lots of negative connotations--such as charity and govt handouts etc.. o In other societies--it refers to issues of well being. Where the society focuses on the citizens overall well being o Characteristics of welfare states: 1. Collective ownership of key industries (e.g. health care, transportation) 2. Regulation of industry (e.g. labour standards, health care standards) 3. High taxation (health care covered, post secondary free to citizens) 4. High levels of social services o Access to healthcare could literally mean the situation of life and death • Countries with high welfare states, health care is funded by the govt • Canada pays 70% of health care costs of citizens • Main take away from this section: o Should understand basics between the 3 o Socialism is more focussed on collective model and that govt has a major role o Should understand that welfare capitalism to limit the negative effects on society and have high tax to pay for health care and education The Canadian Economy • Primary sector (deals with raw materials derived from natural resources-- directly taken from environment such as mining, logging etc..) o Crucial to Canadian economy and the development of Canada o Seen as the staple thesis --referring to things that are staples to economy(bulk goods sold internationally) o Argues that economy relies on the selling of raw materials o Good processed in other countries tend to support jobs in other countries than supporting jobs in Canada o Canada ends up buying back the raw materials from other countries --we buy back the same products that we export at higher prices because of the manufacturing o Issues associated with primary sector have tremendous impact on Canadian Society • Secondary sector(part associated with manufacturing goods) o Relatively small but quite stable o Regional variations (e.g. Ontario and Quebec have the bulk of manufacturing jobs in Canada) • Tertiary Sector (related to services rather than goods) o Services meaning activities rather than things (e.g. being teacher, waiter, doctor etc..) o Increase in importance in terms of tertiary sector, linked to de- industrialization: talking about shift of goods based to service based economy, also linked to notions of post- industrial economy: high service work and reliance of technology o For employees a shift to these, rather than working in factories, people are engaging in using computers and service work -->lead to greater work teams and better services o Issue of labour market segmentation: people of higher education, more likely than less advantaged people to end up with the better jobs Globalization • Globalization: a political and economical social process happening around the world o Helps the world feel like it is a smaller place • Sociology allows us to take a global perspective on these ideas o Important because the world is increasingly interconnected. Global finance is internationally linked • Global economy: expanding economic activity that crosses national borders o Spreads consumer goods around the world • Worker's rights o
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