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SA 150- Deviance.docx

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Sociology and Anthropology
SA 150
Ann Travers

Deviance  recognized violation of cultural norms  deviance varies from culture to culture according to their norms  not just breaking formal laws, its knowing the difference of right and wrong  deviance is necessary for determining the rights and wrongs of cultural norms  we view norms as social constructed; varying from culture to culture  people in groups make up norms  there’s a tendency to invest in our norms  whether negative or positive deviant actions or attitudes, it is the difference that causes us to think of another person as an “outsider”  whether such behaviour defines us as mentally ill or criminal depends on how others perceive, define and respond to it (also involves social power) HOW IS DEVIANCE REALTED TO SOCIETY?  HOW a society defines deviance, and WHO is considered deviant, and WHAT people decide to do about deviance => based on organization of society Causes of Deviance?  combination of biological traits with environmental factors  Cesare Lombrosco 1876: biological approach says human behaviour is result of biological instincts= WRONG  biological traits does not necessarily cause criminality, it’s the environmental factors that come with it  personality patterns (biological and psychological approach)  Crime- violation of a society’s formally enacted criminal laws Social Control- attempts by society to regulate people’s thoughts and behaviour Criminal justice system- formal response by police, courts, and prison officials to alleged violations of the law Structural functionalism (the functions of deviance) social conflict (deviance and power) symbolic interactionism (the labeling theory of deviance) Structural-Functionalism on Deviance (Durkheim)  deviance of firms, cultural values and norms  responding to deviance clarifies moral boundaries  knowing difference between right and wrong, and having those people follow the conventions is responsible for the stability of society  responding to deviance promotes social unity  deviance encourages social change  deviance draws limits of acceptable behaviour  bringing people together creates social solidarity (feeling like they have a common interest)  deviance promotes social change (gay pride)  deviance is good for society because it helps most people know what kind of behaviour that we shouldn’t behave, promotes social change, and brings people together Social Conflict on Deviance (deviance and power)  norms and laws of any society generally reflects the rich and powerful  the powerful have the resources to resist deviant labels I. “Rich, white-collar criminals who steal large amounts of money still seem to get more lenient sentences than poorer criminals,” says the Serious Fraud Office II. powerful person may be deemed eccentric, while someone on the street with similar characteristics will be termed “mentally ill”  widespread beliefs that norms and laws are natural, meaning people didn’t make them up or if they did they used reason  this widespread belief that norms and laws are natural masks their political character, social conflict theorists believe that people made them up to benefit themselves (but people don’t even notice it because we don’t look at whether they’re fair) 9  social conflict theorists would say that the crimes that we do (such as white vs black man stealing )and do not focus on(people getting killed on the job) reflect relations of social conflict and power statuses I. refer to page 206 in textbook-people died from job-related accidents II. why is someone more likely to spend jail for stealing car while others get lenient consequences for stealing money due to level of power Symbolic-Interactionism and the Labeling Theory of Deviance  the way we respond to others and how that creates deviant people  Cooley’s theory of “the looking glass self”- according to Cooley our identities are perception of ourselves from the way others see us. Selective mirroring- children are praised/recognized for statements while punished for others  built men and boys are treated more independently by their family, they’re expected to be more independent so they get pushed out and their bonds with their get severed  we expect boys to have more independence and higher expectations than girls (but the boys are just dying inside)  we are taught what is norm and deviant by the way other people treat us Labelling theory of deviance:  idea that deviance and conformity result not so much from what people do as from how others respond to those actions  deviance derives from different standards applied to woman and men  Primary Deviance- 1. norm violations that provoke slight reactions from others & hav
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