ANTH 111 Lecture 7: Jan29 - Anthro111

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7 Aug 2016
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*Test next Thursday – 40 MC – Chapters 1-7
Terms for MT posted on Moddle
Primates:
-Long period of dependency of offspring
-Live births, generally single offspring
-Males permanently attached to groups
-Hands and feet possess a grasping ability
-5 digits on hands/feet
limit ratios – longer arms – live in trees - arboreal
longer legs – bipedal – walkers – terrestrial
monkeys – arms and legs move in parallel to each other’s
monkeys have marked differences between male; and familys
Primates are mainly diurnal – awake during the day because of poor eye sight and reliance on
sounds
Classification chart in textbook *know characteristics of these groups
Prosimians
Anthropoids
New world monkeys
Old world monkeys
hominoids
Prosimians –
lemurs and lorises – most primitive of the primates
Lemurs – more reliant on sense of smell – wet soft noses – dental comb – Madagascar – both
nocturnal and diurnal.
Lorises – live in groups, noctural
Tarsiers – do not have wet noses like other prosimians
Shorter gestation and maturation periods
Anthropoids –
Diurnal
Larger brain and body size
Greater degree of colour vision
Longer gestation and maturation periods
Monkeys –
85% of primate species, 2 groups
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