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Lecture 6

REL 399 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: African Diaspora, Institutional RacismPremium

2 pages78 viewsWinter 2016

Course Code
REL 399
Ronald Charles

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Jan. 11, 2016
Black/ African Diaspora
Cultural Appropriation: Theft of cultural elements for one’s own use, commodification, or prof-
it—including symbols, art, language, customs, etc.—often without understanding, acknowl-
edgement, or respect for its value in the original culture. Results from the assumption of a dom-
inant (i.e. white) culture’s right to take other cultural elements.
Bigotry: Intolerant prejudice that glorifies one’s own group and denigrates members of other
Colonialism: Some form of invasion, dispossession and subjugation of a people. The invasion
need not be military; it can begin—or continue—as geographical intrusion in the form of agri-
cultural, urban or industrial encroachments. The result of such incursion is the dispossession of
vast amounts of lands from the original inhabitants. This is often legalized after the fact. The
long-term results of such massive dispossession is institutionalized inequality.
Collusion: When people act to perpetuate oppression or prevent others from working to elimi-
nate oppression.
Institutional Racism: Refers specifically to the ways in which institutional policies and practices
create different outcomes for different racial groups. The institutional policies may never men-
tion any racial group, but their effect if to create advantages for whites and oppression and dis-
advantage for people from groups classified as people of colour.
Discrimination: The unequal treatment of members of various groups of various groups based
on race, gender, social class, sexual orientation, physical ability, religion and other categories.
Individual Racism: Refers to the beliefs, attitudes, and actions of individuals that support or
perpetuate discrimination. It can be deliberate, or the individual may act to perpetuate or sup-
port racism without knowing that is what he or she is doing.
Implicit Bias: Also known as unconscious or hidden prejudice, implicit preconceptions with neg-
ative associations that people unknowingly hold.
Intersectionality: An approach largely advanced by women of colour, arguing that classifica-
tions such as gender, race, class, and others cannot be examined in isolation from one another;
they interact and intersect in individuals’ lives, in society, in social systems, and are mutually
constitutive. Exposing [one’s] multiple identities can help clarify the ways in which a person can
simultaneously experience privilege and oppression.
Multicultural Competency: A process of learning about and becoming allies with people from
other cultures, thereby broadening our own understandings and ability to participate in a multi-
cultural process. The key element to becoming more culturally competent is respect for the
ways that others live in and organize the world and an openness to learn from them.
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