o Personality traits are stable; therefore, predictable over time.
o Personality traits are stable across situations.
o People differ on how much of a particular trait they possess (ex: tall ppl – how
much height they have)
BIG 5 PERSONALITY TRAITS
o Openness to experience
o Conscientiousness (responsible, caring, …)
o Extraversion (outgoing)
Omnivert: in the middle of extraverted and introverted
SOCIAL COGNITIVE APPROACH
o Personality seen as the pattern of thinking and behaving that a person learns.
o Roots in behaviourism
Skinner used functional analysis
MODERN SOCIAL COGNITIVE THEORIES
o Rotters Expectancy Theory
Behaviour is determined by
1. What a person expects to happen after a behaviour
2. The value placed on the outcome
Internal vs External
Also known as locus of control or locus of causality
** BANDURA THEORY
o Albert Bandura, the most famous Canadian psychologist
o Theory: Reciprocal Determination