Class Notes (838,386)
Canada (510,872)
psychology (14)
1006 (9)

Chapter 7 notes - Memory.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Brad Mc Kay

CHAPTER 7. MEMORY TYPES OF MEMORY o Explicit: Intentionally remember o Implicit: Unintentionally remember through influence of memories  Episodic: Memory of an event or situation where you were present  Semantic: General knowledge about the world  Procedural memory: Memory of how to do things PROCESSES o Encoding: Transferring information to memory o Storage: holds information in memory over time o Retrieval: recalling information that has been stored o Sensory memory o Short-term Memory o Long-term Memory  Issues with short term memory suggests issues with long term memory, because you won’t be able to make the transition o Amnesia: Accidental, but permanent or partial loss of memory TRYING TO UNDERSTAND HOW MEMORY WORKS… o Levels of Processing Model  How well information is remembered is influenced by how much cognitive energy/effort is devoted to it.  Rehearsal is a strategy devoting more cognitive processing in order to remember information - Maintenance rehearsal - Elaborative rehearsal o Transfer-appropriate Processing Model  Memory works best when the conditions at the time of encoding are the same as to the conditions at the time or retrieval. o Parallel Distributed Processing Model  New memories are added to our existing knowledge base.  More information = development and increasing intellectual sophistication. o Information Processing Model  Memory works like an assembly line - Info is held briefly 1s in sensory memory before being transferred  sensation - Sensory info in attended to and attributed meaning in short-term or working memory for as long as 20s  Perception - Elaboration of perceptual memory can lead to storage in long term memory. WHERE ARE NEW MEMORIES STORED?... o Sensory Memory  Holds large amounts of info for short period of time. o Short Term Memory  Info has gone through perceptual processing but is being held until we decide what to do with it.  We can usually hold between 5 and 7 “pieces” of info  Info held for about 20s o Working Memory  Allows us to manipulate info being held in short term memory o Long-term Memory  Long lasting st
More Less

Related notes for 1006

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.