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Lecture

Chapter 7 notes - Memory.docx

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Department
psychology
Course
1006
Professor
Brad Mc Kay
Semester
Fall

Description
CHAPTER 7. MEMORY TYPES OF MEMORY o Explicit: Intentionally remember o Implicit: Unintentionally remember through influence of memories  Episodic: Memory of an event or situation where you were present  Semantic: General knowledge about the world  Procedural memory: Memory of how to do things PROCESSES o Encoding: Transferring information to memory o Storage: holds information in memory over time o Retrieval: recalling information that has been stored o Sensory memory o Short-term Memory o Long-term Memory  Issues with short term memory suggests issues with long term memory, because you won’t be able to make the transition o Amnesia: Accidental, but permanent or partial loss of memory TRYING TO UNDERSTAND HOW MEMORY WORKS… o Levels of Processing Model  How well information is remembered is influenced by how much cognitive energy/effort is devoted to it.  Rehearsal is a strategy devoting more cognitive processing in order to remember information - Maintenance rehearsal - Elaborative rehearsal o Transfer-appropriate Processing Model  Memory works best when the conditions at the time of encoding are the same as to the conditions at the time or retrieval. o Parallel Distributed Processing Model  New memories are added to our existing knowledge base.  More information = development and increasing intellectual sophistication. o Information Processing Model  Memory works like an assembly line - Info is held briefly 1s in sensory memory before being transferred  sensation - Sensory info in attended to and attributed meaning in short-term or working memory for as long as 20s  Perception - Elaboration of perceptual memory can lead to storage in long term memory. WHERE ARE NEW MEMORIES STORED?... o Sensory Memory  Holds large amounts of info for short period of time. o Short Term Memory  Info has gone through perceptual processing but is being held until we decide what to do with it.  We can usually hold between 5 and 7 “pieces” of info  Info held for about 20s o Working Memory  Allows us to manipulate info being held in short term memory o Long-term Memory  Long lasting st
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