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Anthropology Week Four Lecture Notes.docx

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ANTH 1010H
Jocelyn Williams

Anthropology Week Four Lecture Notes Resource Location Assigthent - Due February 4 - Only word or pdf files - File: heathermalottW01 - SAA style – found on BB (summary) - 3 parts 1. Search overview a. List keywords b. List databases used c. Which keywords identified the best/most sources and did some databases identify more or better resources than others? 2. Bibliography a. Must follow SAA guidelines (begin in section 3.9.1) 3. Persistent link to each document (PURL or DOI) a. Put persistent link below each reference b. Proxy code before each link i. See library website (creating persistent link, DOI) - What is a scholarly source? o Not: textbooks, websites, popular magazines/books/novels o Most scholarly writing includes footnotes and/or a bibliography and may include graphs or charts as illustrations as opposed to glossy pictures o Authors and their credentials are listed at top o Generally contains an abstract o Academic journal - Title page o Question chosen o Full name o Seminar number o Student number Lecture Four Archaeological Record - Material remains of past human activities and behaviours - Includes o Physical remains of people and their tools, houses, foods o Any material lost, discarded, abandoned, and stashed by people o The geographic locations where these materials are found - Basic materials contained in the archaeological record: o Artifacts  Tools, ornaments, other objects  Made or used by people to accomplish a specific task  Come in a vast array of types and forms  Can be very simple to very complex o Ecofacts  Remains of biological materials that have not been modified  Used by or relating to people o Features  Non-portable objects used or constructed by people  If they are portable they are… Analogy - Using a known, identifiable phenomenon to understand/identify unknown ones of a similar type - Simple analogy: an artifact that looks similar to a modern item - Difficult to explain behaviours or beliefs using analogy o Past=present o Know this is not true  Cultures change - Development o Work from known to unknown o Known = living cultures, living people, living animals, written records, etc o Unknown = material culture (arrowhead, pot, grave) o Select ‘known’ that most closely matches the ‘unknown’ in terms of:  Subsistence, technology, environment - We must be critical about which analogies we’re using - Just because an artifact was used in a specific way today does not mean that it was used that way in the past - We need to verify our conclusions using multiple lines of evidence - Corroborated multiple times - Scientific method - Primate analogy o Primates are a good analogy for our earliest human ancestors because:  Shared similar environments
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