HIST 1201H Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Nicolaus Copernicus, Francis Bacon, Universal Law

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Posting the three questions on blackboard that will be on the exam. Multiple choice questions will be from the lectures and the game show. Broadside newsletter from derneburg about the public burning of three witches (1555) Shift from witch craft from personal level to devil worship. The ability to cause harm by supernatural means. 75-90% female victims (depends on the area when comparing men to women) Height of persecution between 1560 & 1660 during the reformation. Political instability, especially in holy roman empire (most executions here) Economic and demographic circumstances: famine, disease, high infant mortality. Shift from ecclesiastical (church) courts that stressed rehabilitation and penance to secular courts that emphasized punishment and social control. Growth of literacy and printing (huge contributing factor) No evidence that anyone was worshiping the devil. Malleus maleficarum or the hammer of the witches, 1486 written by heinrich. Kramer and jacob sprenger very against women.

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