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Lecture 2

HIST 2110Y Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Puritans, Plymouth Company, London Company


Department
History
Course Code
HIST 2110Y
Professor
Jeremy Milloy
Lecture
2

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September 18, 2013
Collision Course: Encounters Between Old Worlds and New
Intro
1607 a group English settlers come and establish a settlement
John White established a colony then returned to England after clashes with
aboriginal groups
When he returned there was no one at the settlement, no signs of violence, known
as the “lost colony of Roanoke”
Settlement called Jamestown
At first native welcomes the new comers, although later they took another turn
1. Aboriginal Societies Before Contact
2. Early Encounter Between Aboriginal Peoples and Europeans
3. Why The English Came To America
Aboriginal Societies Before Contact
The aboriginals societies that resides on the continents were a diverse array: they
had different populations, political systems, economic bases, and outlooks
Therefore, aboriginal peoples hand many different responses to the arrival of
Europeans, both as societies and within a single group
Major states in Central and South American included the Mayans, Aztecs, and
Incas
Aztecs: central Mexico
Incas: central Peru, Western South America
Mayans: southern Mexico, northern Central America, had a written language prior
to contact with European (language stayed through out the time, people still speak
it)
Cahokia – agricultural society, trade network links to all over, system collapses
probably due to an environmental disaster, one of the strongest societies at the
time,
Societies were rising and declining before Europeans came
The Iroquois Confederacy – started in the 1570s, lived in villages, men hunting
deer and small game, women held a higher status, longhouse represented the five
nations, they thought of themselves living in a longhouse, not highest centralized,
met based on shared interests, was a major player in the French and English
contact
Meanwhile, in Europe
Economic, political and religious factors were driving voyages of exploration to
the New World
Greater demand in goods
Advances in ship building for long voyages
Political changes – nation states, stronger government, states are becoming more
powerful, monarchs wanted to stimulate trade
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