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Lecture 13

HIST 2110Y Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Campaign Finance In The United States, Noble Savage, Bastion


Department
History
Course Code
HIST 2110Y
Professor
Jeremy Milloy
Lecture
13

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HIST-2110Y January 8, 2013
Andrew Jackson’s America
Where We’ve Been:
In the first term we discussed about 320 years of American history: among many
other things, the creation of colonies in America, and the revolution of the
colonies, and their establishment of an independent nation based on capitalism
and racial and gendered hierarchy
Where We’re Going:
In this term we only study approximately 60 years of American history. It’s now
1820, and America is a nation rapidly growing politically, economically, and
territorially. However, this growth also causes greater instability and inequality,
and during these decades, America is shaped by conflict, especially, as time goes
on, between North and South.
Because we’re covering a shorter time span, we can focus a bit more deeply on
the dynamics and conflicts that shaped America. This week, we look at Andrew
Jackson’s America, and the age of mass politics and a new party system. In the
weeks to come we will look at efforts to transform America, and politics,
economics, society, and culture in the North and the South.
Major Topics
“Old Hickory”: Andrew Jackson as President
Mass Politics
Indian Removal (how it was referred to at the time)
The Bank War
Party Time: Whigs vs. Democrats (two new parties emerge)
Whigs in Power
“Old Hickory”: Andrew Jackson as President
Jackson a “self-made man”: planter, frontiersman, rose to fame for his brutal wars
against native Americans in the South
Nicknamed “Old Hickory” for his toughness, he is generally, and incorrectly,
ranked as one of the ten greatest Presidents in American history
He was incredibly popular in his time
He was the champion of the people
Like the “revolution of 1800,” Jackson’s election in 1828 was supposed to signal
the return of the Presidency to everyday people, not elites
At his inauguration, Jackson opened the White House reception to ordinary
people
Jackson did certainly represent a new era of mass politics, where more Americans
participated in the political system than ever before
But he was no democrat: Jackson did much to strengthen and encourage
economic, racial, and social inequality
Jackson’s era was an era of increasing power and opportunity – for frontiersmen,
capitalists, the rising men of the South and West, aka people like Andrew Jackson
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