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Lecture 20

HIST 2110Y Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: Northern Territory, Anaconda Plan, Health Technology


Department
History
Course Code
HIST 2110Y
Professor
Jeremy Milloy
Lecture
20

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HIST-2110Y March 5, 2014
The Civil War
Dead Soldiers at Antietam
Union soldiers
Largest kill count during the war
“Let me tell you what is coming. After the sacrifice of countless millions of treasure and
hundreds of thousands of lives you may win Southern independence, but I doubt it. The
North is determined to preserve this Union. They are not a fiery, impulsive people as you
are, for they live in colder climates. But when they begin to move in a given direction,
they move with the steady momentum and perseverance of a mighty avalanche.”
– Texas independence leader Sam Houston
“War means fighting, and fighting means killing.” – General Nathan Bedford Forrest
Rothermel’s “The Battle of Gettysburg”
Most famous civil battle during the war
“The hoarse and indistinguishable orders of commanding officers, the screaming and
bursting of shells, canister and shrapnel as they tore through the struggling masses of
humanity, the death screams of wounded animals, the groans of their human companions,
wounded and dying and trampled underfoot by hurrying batteries, riderless horses and the
moving lines of battle-a perfect Hell on earth, never, perhaps to be equaled, certainly not
to be surpassed, nor ever to be forgotten in a man's lifetime. It has never been effaced
from my memory, day or night, for fifty years.” – a Massachusetts private at Gettysburg
“We have shared the incommunicable experience of war. We felt, we still feel, the passion
of life to its top. In our youths, our hearts were touched by fire.” – Oliver Wendell
Holmes, Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court
Intro
The Civil War was the first modern war
The first time that armies faced off armed with the products of the industrial
revolution
The industrial revolution meant around the world, conflicts were becoming
bloodier, like China’s Taiping Rebellion, South America’s War of the Triple
Alliance, and the brutal suppression of the Paris Commune
Mass production also meant mass death
War was becoming ever more destructive
In America, the Civil War killed so many Americans as to change the nation
forever, between 620,000 and 750,000
The war that started as a conflict of armies became a total war of society vs.
society
This week we explore the experience of war, the strategy and major battles, and
the North’s final triumph
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