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Lecture 4

HIST 2200Y Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Slavophilia, The Communist Manifesto, Chartism


Department
History
Course Code
HIST 2200Y
Professor
Antonio Cazorla- Sánchez
Lecture
4

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HIST-2200Y October 9, 2013
The Emergence of the Bourgeoisie
Painting
Large family with seven kids
Well dressed
Classic column behind them, representing aristocracy
Women in bright colours while males are in dull colours
Father a business man, the authority figure
Mother and girls look like angels
They are high bourgeoisie
Have tons of money
The Emergence of the Bourgeoisie
Louis Philippe d’Orleans, 1830-1848 – represents a modern king
Queen Victoria, 1837-1901
Covers most of the 19th century
1830-1848 – high point of the bourgeoisie class
Small number of people who could vote, between 2-5% of males
Rationality is established during this time
Many of the elite males are business man
Bourgeoisie are people who make their money through business
Middle class is under the bourgeoisie, they have small businesses or a lot of land
Lower middle class is under them, professionals who do not have much success,
they have to work hard to maintain their status, they suffer a lot during
depressions, they are susceptible to follow revolution
The number of people who can vote are subjected to laws, depending on
education and wealth
Politics are based on a liberal system
The creation of workers unions, control politics and growing number of worker
Churches don’t promote political participation, doesn’t like political freedom,
against democracy
Two political parties: conservatives (the interests of the London bourgeoisie, in
favour of protectionism, works with the church) and liberals (promotes free trade,
separates the church and the states, like to expand the people who vote to people
who have some property)
High bourgeoisie is a satisfied class, thinks they are the most successful class of
time, the idea of progress is critical/important to them
Industrialization created a lot of misery for the working class
Bourgeoisie Fears and Public Policies
John Turner – discusses the pollution in the rivers
Dickens, Bronte (England), Sand (France) – writers
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