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Lecture 7

HIST 2200Y Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Universal Suffrage, Benjamin Disraeli, Emmeline Pankhurst

Course Code
HIST 2200Y
Antonio Cazorla- Sánchez

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HIST-2200Y November 6, 2013
The New Empire and Their Conflicts (19th Century)
Europe Rules the World
Largest empire is the British empire
World is divided by empires
White, Europeans rule the empires
Europe ruled the world
1900s – 1 in 2 people were European
During the 19th century Europeans were the first to transform nature by building
huge cities, factories, resiours
Life is become independent from the country side
People moving more than before by trains and stream boats
In 1914 Europe would use 60% of all of the coal in the world and export 62%
World was more integrated than ever before with Europe as the center
London was the capital of the world finance
London and the pound represented stability, the pound could have been
transferred into gold immediately
British shipping companies were the largest, cheapest and most experienced in the
In 1914 London (British) handled 70% of the world shipping lines
83% of all capital invested in the world came from Europe
Before WWI the U.S. was already in debt to Europe
The British empire was 140 times of Britain
The Belgium empire was 80 times the size of Belgium
The Holland empire was 60 times the size of Holland
The French empire was 20 times the size of France
South America was independent hence Europe could not intervene
Business people did not push for war
Lenin – Russian communist, revolutionary, politically a Marxist, his theoretical
contributions to Marxist thought are known as Leninism, which coupled with
Marxian economic theory have collectively come to be known as Marxism-
Europe Rules the World
Max Planck – German theoretical physicist, originated quantum theory, the theory
of relativity
Rutherford – British, physicist an chemist who become known as the father of
nuclear physics
Niels Bohr – made foundational contributions to understanding atomic structure
and quantum theory
Marie Curie – discovered radio with her husband, died of cancer due to research,
Polish, worked as a nanny to pay for her status in France
Changed how we understand science
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