Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (650,000)
Trent (3,000)
PHIL (200)
Lecture 3

PHIL 1100H Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Ethical Egoism, Egotism, Dogma

Course Code
PHIL 1100H
Norlock Kathryn

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 2 pages of the document.
PHIL 1100
Lecture Notes
Week 2
Wednesday, January 18th, 2017
Questions About the Readings:
Do you feel that you understand the point of the two articles?
o last paragraph
When Rachels praises cultural relativism for providing an antidote to ‘dogmatism’, do
you know when he means by dogmatism?
o Dogmatism: Saying something that is just to be taken as true without evidence or
other opinions
Did he repeated references to ‘Eskimos’ and ‘we’ create metacognitive obstacles as you
When he mentioned Ayn Rand as an author of ethical egoism, did you follow her
argument for ‘the value of an individual life’?
Compare with Next Week’s Aristotle Reading:
Note that Rand’s egoistic individual is different from Aristotle’s individual
Both sorts of selves are arguably self-interested
But their conceptions of the self are very different
Ethical Egoism Entails Psychological Egoism
Note that the reverse is not true; PE does not necessarily mean EE
EE: one’s only moral duty is to promote one’s own interests
o Interests: What really is to one’s own best advantage over the long run [Rachels,
p. 10 in course pack]
PE: interested in what motivates human beings to act, not what they do
EE: makes a claim as to what is right and wrong, what is morally right is what is in one’s
own best interests, what is morally wrong is putting others’ interests before your own,
you are morally wrong when you do not do the best things for yourself even if it what is
in your interests [ex./ eat the salad not the cake because it is better for yourself in the long
PE [descriptive theory] is assumed by EE [prescriptive theory]
Obstacles for PE
PE: a view that the individual self is motivated by the individual’s own self-interest
o What are these?
o Are they transparent to each of us?
o What view of the mind or self does PE depend on?
See Rachels p.11 column 1 point 1a: we know our own needs better than ours
o Rachels does not buy this [see column 2] is feeding a hungry child really rocket
science? But he sets it aside
find more resources at
find more resources at
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version