Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (650,000)
Trent (3,000)
PHIL (200)
Lecture 4

PHIL 1100H Lecture 4: Week 5, Feb 8th

Course Code
PHIL 1100H
Norlock Kathryn

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 2 pages of the document.
PHIL 1100
Lecture Notes
Week 5
Wednesday, February 8th, 2017
After Reading Week: John Stuart Mill and Immanuel Kant
Both Mill and Kant were familiar with Aristotle and Stoics
o Appetites and desires are pleasant, should be indulged in proportion to their
worth, and are relevant to temperance and right conduct [Mill will agree]
o Appetites and desires are all but irrelevant to conduct [Kant will agree]
Why Read Epictetus?
From his time (50-130 CE) to late 19th century, almost everyone read Stoicism
(Epictetus, Marcus Aurelius, Seneca).
Influence on modern philosophers, political leaders, literary authors, military leaders, and
Helps with Kant.
Insightful, worth reading.
Stoicism directly influenced formation of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
Example: Feeling that life is out of one’s control:
1. Do you feel that you are behind or that you’re overwhelmed?
2. Do you have a belief about the worst consequences that can happen?
3. Is there a step you could take to reduce the circumstances in which you are behind, or
overwhelmed, or out of control?
4. If you took that step, would the worst consequences still happen?
5. Are those consequences likely? Are they as bad as you imagine?
Virtue Ethics and Stoicism: Note similarities
Epictetus: learn to understand & follow nature
Aristotle: …we state the function of man to be a certain kind of life, and this to be an
activity or actions of the soul implying a rational principle (I:7).
Epictetus: Cultivate your ruling faculty [of choice], in accord with nature.
(What is your understanding of what Epictetus means by “nature”?)
Note Stoic Practice in Detaching
Epictetus: ‘Let things go.’ Yet do all you can
Section 10
“If you are in pain, you will find fortitude. If you hear unpleasant language, you will find
patience. And thus habituated, the appearances of things will not hurry you away along
with them.”
find more resources at
find more resources at
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version