PHIL 2150 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Collective Action, Social Contract, Mi5

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A(cid:374)a(cid:396)(cid:272)hy (cid:894)it(cid:859)s (cid:374)ot (cid:373)o(cid:396)al, so it(cid:859)s (cid:374)ot a la(cid:449) a(cid:374)d i do(cid:374)(cid:859)t ha(cid:448)e to follo(cid:449) it(cid:895) Complacency (cid:894)it(cid:859)s a la(cid:449), so it(cid:859)s (cid:373)o(cid:396)al a(cid:374)d thus (cid:374)ot i(cid:374) (cid:374)eed of (cid:396)efo(cid:396)(cid:373)(cid:895) Imagine what society would be like if there were no laws. Social contract theorists, like hobbes, thi(cid:374)k this is a good sta(cid:396)ti(cid:374)g poi(cid:374)t. he (cid:272)alls this s(cid:272)e(cid:374)a(cid:396)io the (cid:862)state of (cid:374)atu(cid:396)e(cid:863). He des(cid:272)(cid:396)i(cid:271)ed it as a pla(cid:272)e (cid:449)he(cid:396)e life is (cid:374)asty, (cid:271)(cid:396)utish, a(cid:374)d sho(cid:396)t. ays (cid:449)e(cid:859)d al(cid:449)ays (cid:271)e i(cid:374) (cid:272)o(cid:374)fli(cid:272)t (cid:449)ith ea(cid:272)h othe(cid:396). Ays people(cid:859)s goals (cid:449)ill (cid:272)o(cid:373)e i(cid:374)to (cid:272)o(cid:374)flict with each other. If there were no laws in place to constrain our behaviour, these difference could cause violence to arise. Its good to k(cid:374)o(cid:449) that the stuff i(cid:374) you(cid:396) (cid:858)(cid:272)a(cid:448)e(cid:859) is goi(cid:374)g to be there when you return. Laws function to get us out of the state of nature. Laws threaten us with force to keep us in line.

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