Part 4: citing references in text and creating a reference list. References are cited in text with an author-date citation system and are also listed (more detail) There are two ways to cite in text: keep author"s name as part of narrative and put in parentheses. This type of citation covers all material that follows in a paragraph, until you introduce another topic requiring a different citation: put authors name and year in parentheses at end of statement. This type of citation covers just the information provided in the sentence. The format of an in text citation differs depending on the number of authors. When 2 authors, for the first and subsequent citations, always state names of both. Smith and jones (2009) or (smith & jones 2009) Second time cite write first author then write et al. Use et al. from the very beginning. Using multiple citations to reference a piece of information.