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Psychology Week Three lecture notes.docx

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Trent University
PSYC 1030H
Brenda Smith- Chant

Psychology Week Three: Emotion Emotion - Involves subjective conscious experience (cognitive element) accompanied by - Bodily arousal (physiological element) and by - Characteristic overt expressions (cultural/behavioural component) Appraisal of emotion - Subjective o Verbal reports  Both type and intensity - Brain injury and lesion studies o Looking at changes post-damage - Brain imaging technology - Cognitive appraisals o More research on negative emotions  Fewer positive emotions, harder to distinguish  Focus on pathology, weakness, suffering, and not health, strength, well-being o New field: “positive psychology” Bodily arousal: physiological element - Complex interconnection between physiological responses and emotional expression - E.g. Capilano bridge experiment - Involves many areas of the brain and hormonal systems Hormonal Components - With emotional arousal: o Hormone release  Norepinephrine  Epinephrine o Produces changes in arousal, alertness  Autonomic system Autonomic Nervous System - Emotions accompanied by visceral arousal o Fight-or-flight response release of adrenal hormones o Measured by polygraph  Attributed to Marston (Keeler and Lee) o Currently, Canadian courts do not allow polygraph results as evidence Characteristic Expressions - Emotions expressed in body language o Non-verbal behaviour o Facial cues - Identification of 6 fundamental emotions o The emotions that are reliably recognized  Happiness, anger, sadness, fear, surprise, disgust, and contempt  Other emotions – just not as reliable (shame, amusement, sympathy, etc) Purpose of Motor Neurons - Learning - Understanding others - Empathy - Neurons designed to react to observed behaviour o Exactly the same as when doing the same Emotions and the Brain - Limbic system o Was considered the seat of emotion  New research implicates the amygdala o Amyg
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