Class Notes (905,836)
CA (538,520)
Trent (3,090)
PSYC (599)
PSYC 2700H (20)
Lecture 4

PSYC 2700H Lecture 4: Lecture 4- October 2nd, 2017

5 Pages

Course Code
PSYC 2700H
Jared Allen

This preview shows pages 1 and half of page 2. Sign up to view the full 5 pages of the document.

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Lecture 4- October 2, 2017 Confirmation Bias: Superstition - Ex. Crosby has a long list of pre-game rituals that cannot be messed with, but his most important one, is that he cant see or speak to his mom or sister on game days o Why? Because every time he does, he gets injured - Did I see Family? Did I get injured? Yes No Yes A B No C D - Confirmation bias: recalling only A, D - Belief perseverance: explaining away B, C Well-studied Biases: - Representativeness heuristic: we use knowledge of the category of a thing to make decisions about it o Legally Blonde: You got into Harvard Law? o E.g., marijuana: But its medicine! But its a drug! o Which set of lottery numbers is more likely to win? 9-9-9-9-9-9 1-7-3-4-4-8 (we assume this one, because it looks more random) - WYSIATI (What you see if all there is) bias: we tend to make decisions as though the presently available information is all that matters o E.g., I knew when I first saw you that youd be a good employee o we just never thought to ask what information we were missing (from our survey, decision, etc) o you are the 999,999 visitor: congratulations you WON! (have to bring the existence of scammers to mind) - Framing: The way the same information is presented can influence decisions we make about it o E.g., professional risk assessors presented with a case of a person with A. a 1 in 10 chance of reoffending (we throw ourselves imaginarily into this statistic) B. a 10% chance of reoffending Asked whether they recommended release. The frame a results in twice as many decisions to not release the individual - What is focal is causal Camera Perspective: who talked/led more? o Coercing the defendant into confessing. The camera should show both parties so it is not bias - What feels most steals most (attention) o Example: Keys Holding versus gripping versus pointing o Example: Car Impacted versus collided versus smashed false memories o More emotional descriptors More narrative focus Thinking of death (explicitly or implicitly) can influence our decisions - E.g., increase punitiveness o Setting bond/bail in a prostitution case o (real Arizona judges participating in a study) o One group primes the idea of death, and the other one didnt o Condition1: take a personality test that has a subtle reminder of their morality o Condition 2: the same test without that reminder o Average bond/bail in condition 2: $50 o Average bond/bail in condition 1: $455 Fuzzy Trace Theory - We simultaneously get gist and verbatim info - But they go separate places - Gist causes us to think of all possible verbatim info - Familiarity of gist over-confidence in details - More stress worse non-central detail recall - Weapon-focus: people are really good at remembering the weapon that is pointed at them. But not the basic features of the face - Retrieval-induced forgetting: when we access memories, we re-fire those neurons. New things can be tied t
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1 and half of page 2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.