Brief history of canadian and u. s. immigration white nation-building project . Gendered effects of neoliberalism on female migrants work, care, care work. Ability to migrate is both empowering and restricting. Barriers for those seeking/granted entry are often overlooked. Masks power imbalances between state and immigrants, immigrants and canadian-born citizens, and immigrants. Immigrant as strange or stranger while canada perceived as compassionate. It is offensive that someone would hide their identity at the very moment where they are committing to join the canadian. U. s. constitution set up citizen as white male . As u. s. acquires land, problem of non-white inhabitants. Set up official immigration as for white people, others are temporary. Johnson-reed act 1924 immigration and nationality act of 1965. Need for foreign workers to help with nation-building projects (e. g. railroad) Ban on certain groups of immigrants usually female. Concept of foreign worker was premised on temporariness . Calls for more racially and gendered neutral assessment process.