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Class Notes for Archaeology at University of Lethbridge

ARKY 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: List Of Kings Of Babylon

The state being involved in interpretation for tie own purposes There is a long tradition of using archaeology to celebrate a nation state Eg. In the 19th century, you would go to Egypt, get an Obelis...

Archaeology
ARKY 1000
Mc Geough Kevin
ARKY 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Nefertiti Bust, Altes Museum, Kennewick Man

Repatriation This is the idea that emerged that museums collecting things associated with native culture in regards to collection practices, and how this is an issue Kennewick Man Who ha...

Archaeology
ARKY 1000
Mc Geough Kevin
ARKY1000 Lecture 16: Why Did Things Change-

We look at things on a large time scale. The question can be why dont we have Egyptian pyramids anymore, or why do we build them in Vegas over as tombs for our Prime Ministers? So much of what we are using to explain the c...

Archaeology
ARKY 1000
Mc Geough Kevin
ARKY 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Lead Poisoning, John Torrington, Hands Tied

There are top down approaches, where you look at societies as a whole There are also bottom up strategies, in which you observe individuals. This is used in Archeology of people. The treatment of the ...

Archaeology
ARKY 1000
Mc Geough Kevin
ARKY 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Ancient Aliens, Erich Von Däniken

Dead Sea Scrolls They were discovered in 1948. They were documents of different types, conversions of the bible, documents written for the community, etc. They were very fragmentary, but they often ju...

Archaeology
ARKY 1000
Mc Geough Kevin
ARKY 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Semitic People, Shang Dynasty

Scholars are torn whether writing first occurred in Egypt or Mesopotamia Chinese archeologists also claim that China has the first writing system; however, their writing emerges 1000 - 2000 years after the e...

Archaeology
ARKY 1000
Mc Geough Kevin
ARKY 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Frostbite, Canadian Museums Association, Scurvy

Critical questions about museums They serve as a focus to the public to help put history into an interesting exhibition and give facts in a digestible way to the common public The Northwest Passage Th...

Archaeology
ARKY 1000
Mc Geough Kevin
ARKY 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Niaux, Rouffignac Cave, Cosquer Cave

Upper Palaeolithic Period Between 40 000 and 30 000 BP This was a major turning point in Europe and human evolutionary history During this window, there were important things happening ...

Archaeology
ARKY 1000
Mc Geough Kevin
ARKY 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Terracotta Army, Tyrant, Bonampak

Bonampak This was inhabited from the Mya from 580 - 800 CE. The Spanish destroyed this culture Eg. A Short Account Palenque Pakal the Great (603 - 683) He left a large hi...

Archaeology
ARKY 1000
Mc Geough Kevin
ARKY 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Homo Economicus, Substantivism, Marcel Mauss

Economic activity in Ancient trade We find leftover things, and this ‘stuff’ figures into a economic system Reconstructing the economic relationships are difficult, as it can be debated when it comes to unde...

Archaeology
ARKY 1000
Mc Geough Kevin
ARKY 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Pumice, James Ussher, Art Deco

King Nabonidus Considered the first Archaeologist He was the last king of Babylon The Empire was defeated by the Persians He could have been a religious Zealot, an incompetent rul...

Archaeology
ARKY 1000
Mc Geough Kevin
ARKY 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Carrying Capacity, Bird Migration, Human Ecosystem

Julian Steward He argued that cultures in similar environments abbe similar adaptive mechanisms All adaptations are short lived and constantly changing People are constantly adapting to the pla...

Archaeology
ARKY 1000
Mc Geough Kevin
ARKY 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Central Place Theory

Investigating settlement patterns of chiefdoms and states Central Place Theory Given a uniform landscape, settlement develops in a certain way Not all landscapes are uniform, howe...

Archaeology
ARKY 1000
Mc Geough Kevin
ARKY 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Lost-Wax Casting, Retting, Wok

Stone Tools Bladets Blades Choppers Microliths Arrowheads Metallurgy Types of metal used Copper Bronze Iron Lead ...

Archaeology
ARKY 1000
Mc Geough Kevin
ARKY 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Fluorine, Transitional Fossil, Accelerator Mass Spectrometry

Absolute Chronology vs Relative Chronology An absolute date is when we can say something happened Relative Chronology is when you are only dating in reference to something else Relative Dating Stratig...

Archaeology
ARKY 1000
Mc Geough Kevin

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