Feb.27 , 2014
Everything is (understood through) narrative
- Established Munro Books in Victoria, B.C
- Considered to be one of the masters of the short story
- 1 Canadian to receive the Nobel Prize in Literature (last year Oct.10 ) th
“Friend of My Youth” Responses:
- Very well written with different perspectives
- Felt for Flora.
- Nurse Atkinson: unappealing individual, bossy, arrogant, pretentious
- Robert: gets away with a lot, doesn’t have much of a personality to speak of
- Men are virtually absent in the story
- Very female centric world
- Narrator: we assume that the narrator is a woman because it is all about women.
Your professor sat in the middle of the class today to:
- Break the student/teacher boundary
- Changed the focal point of the class
- The narrative is so powerful that they can’t escape the power and authority
- Attempted to disrupt the narrative of the classroom
- However it cannot be disrupted because the narrative is so powerful
- Who would be the author of this narrative (of the course situation)?
o The professor
- Who would be the narrator?
o Everyone is constructing the narrative of the classroom and the course itself
Major themes and ideas of the short story?
- Deviation from norms - Traditional (small town) image
- The mom is preparing for marriage
- Relationship between the narrator and her mother tense because what the mother
sees as good and righteous, the daughter thinks differently. There is a generational
conflict with this relationship. There are different views on female sexuality.
- The mother suffers from throat constrictions and paralysis
- Paralysis can be seen as a major theme in the story.
o She becomes imprisoned by marriage (narrator)
o Imprisoned by gender and gender roles
- Narrator’s father absent in many ways, has no role
- There is also Robert who is silenced
- Domestic sphere that we are dealing with here
- Why is Nurse Atkinson disliked?
o Takes over (house, husband)
o Because the narrator doesn’t like her
o “people, they, everyone” is mentioned that do not like her
o There is a huge amount of gossip going around regarding her
o We dislike her because of the way she is portrayed
o End up judging her because of the amount of gossip piling up
- This narrative is constructed as a kind of gossip
o The focalizer (the one who sees)is the narrator at first but then it shifts to the
- Forgiveness and hopefulness is mentioned
- Who needs forgiveness? The narrator. And is hopeful in getting forgiveness from her
mother because of the bad relationship
- The root of this story is guilt. The daughter feels guilt in the way she treated her mother
as she was dying Third Paragraph:
- She is saying that she had a terrible, negative image of her mother but now she sees her
mother for real
“When my mother was a young woman…in the Ottawa valley.”
- Why is this important?
o With her pupils
Can be read as students or her eyes
o This is where we have the shift in focalization
o We begin to see