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GEOG 3210 (12)
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Sept 16.docx

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Department
Geography
Course
GEOG 3210
Professor
Tom Johnston
Semester
Fall

Description
Sept 16, 2013 Reeds & Weaver Readings • Formal regions: o Attribute in common • They describe agricultural landscapes o They differ methodology   Weaver used a high speed computer to realize when certain  thresholds were met to understand ag systems and landscapes • Early example of computing technology to understand  agricultural landscapes  Reeds used tables of ag data and reports  Early attempts by geography to study agricultural systems • Objective is to present an overview of two perspectives that dominated  agricultural geography in the period leading up to WWII • Environmental determinism o Prominent in geography and to a slightly lesser extent in Anthropology  during the late 19  and early 20  centuries o Core ideas can be traced to the Greeks (Strabo), but gained popularity  after “ Origins of Species” was published • Classification and agricultural typologies o Classification is central to the scientific study of phenomena o Typologies are an early for of “model”  Model is a simplification of reality o   o o o o o o o o o o o o o o Strabo argued that climatic conditions influenced the psychological  disposition for various “races” • Early work by Environmental Determinists drew on the Theory of Lamarckian  Inheritance  o Lamark argues that these adapatations could occur within a gerneration  He confused adjustment and adapatation • Adjustment is  behavioural • Adapatation is a genetic  or fundamental change The Fundamentals • According to Environmental Determinism, the  physical environment, especially climate,  shape individuals psychologically and  behaviorally, and in turn define the nature of 
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