October 31 – History III
String quartet (musical culture moving to public and into the home) it was the most significant
genre of chamber ensembles (sophisticated writing). It emerged near the end of the eighteenth
century in Germany. It was a multi movement for strings. It wasn’t until 1780 that the string
quartet got its name.
Haydn was the originator and standardized the 4 movement form of the 3-5 movements early
quartets which sounded like symphonies
• The early interplay between voices pulled away from symphony.
• Moved to polyphony
• Counterpoint started to emerge (social interplay)
• Haydn was a master at morphing themes all connected to main theme
These are now notes