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Music History III: Classical Music, Sept 12.docx

4 Pages

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MUSI 3380
Paul Sanden

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Sept. 12 – History III The desire to explain things popularized treatises. Music is no longer confined to institutions and teachers but is free to be learned by any who tries. Two kinds of guides: • Practical guides: How to play. How to compose. How to interpret specific genres. They reached beyond the basics of music and focused on the balanced musician. Even went as far as to suggest physical health tips. Examples: o Jean-Philippe Rameau (1683-1764): Traité de l’harmonie réduite à ses principes naturels, 1722. (Treatise on Harmony reduced to its Natural Principles)  It focused on vertical harmony.  Major triads  3 / 5 / 8 naturally occurring intervals  Art imitating nature  Natural physical relationship between pitches/intervals o Johann Joachim Quantz ( 1697 – 1773): Versuch einer Anweisung di Flöte traversière zu spielen, 1752. (Essay toward a Method for Playing the Transverse Flute) o Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (1714-88): Versuch über die wahre Art das Clavier zu spielen, 1753 (pt. 1) & 1762 (pt. 2). (Essay on the True Art of Playing Keyboard Instruments) o Leopold Mozart (1719-87): Versuch einer gründlichen Violinschule, 1756. (A treatise on the Fundamental Principles of Violin Playing) • Theoretical guides: examples: o Johann Mattheson (1681-1764): Der volkommene Capellmeister, 1739. (The Complete Music Director)  Teaches moral lessons (learn good and bad)  New ideas with Enlightenment still reflects some Baroque principles. o Charles Avison (1709-1770): An Essay on Musical Expression, 1753.  Music must teach morality  Individuals response to music (radically introducing the role of the individual) A conscious awareness of Music History begins to develop. The composers start going back to study and teach important analysis of the pieces. (Vivaldi) Musical styles in the 18 century:h Style galant: • Broadly used • New, up-to-date, trendy • Music that aims to please • Sounds natural and simple • Represents good taste • Contrast between learned style is obvious • Alberti base pattern • Light accompaniment • Easy little
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