February 11, 2014 – History
Lied assignment due March 6.
German Romantic opera:
• Wagner created music dramas. Wagner dominates mid to late century
• Contemporaries of Schubert: Romantic opera pre-Wagner
o Based on Singspiel; spoken dialogue, specific numbers, Magic Flute by Mozart.
o Fascination with legend and supernatural, struggle between good and evil.
Depiction of nature in the natural settings, interest in orchestration and color,
have finales, have duets, trios, chorus, folk song settings, lied settings.
o Ludwig Sponr
o E.T.A Hoffman : most famous opera, Undine.
o Carl Maria von Weber, related to Mozart. Most famous opera was Der Frieschütz
“The Marksman” 1821.
Schubert liked it, Beethoven didn’t like the story
Carl Maria von Weber:
• Son of a musician and a theater. Born into the theater. Studied in
Salzburg and Munich. Collected folk song, established German
opera, instrumental composer (piano sonatas, flute, clarinets),
Movement in German opera away from spoken dialogue into a more
Set in the 17 century, hunting community under their leader Kuno, has a
beautiful daughter, every year they have a shooting contest, this year
whoever wins wins the daughter. Caspar has sold his soul to the devil for
7 magic bullets. Max is desperate to win the daughter, Agathe, and
agrees to go. He was tricked and has the 7 bullets, he is tricked to use 6
of them. Agathe runs onto the stage with a protective wreath and deflects
the 7 bullet that he kills Caspar.
Became a major part of German education, became their folk music.
Orchestra is important – Orchestration: paints ideas and dramatic
• Overture: Agathe’s theme is in the overture, the storm at the firing
of the last bullet is in the overture, symbolic elements, written in a
sonata form (often without a