History IV – January 14
Dichterliebe, op. 48: how does the music reflect the poetry? What is the key? And is there any
Will hand out 1 Assignment next class.
Romanticism in music isn’t as defined in music as it is in art.
18 century: The age of enlightenment; optimistic that you can overcome evil because evil is
only ignorance. The French revolution (1789) initially was example of the optimism however with
the rise of Napoleon it turned this belief around. French revolution started with the bankruptcy of
the King (helping the Americans against the british), they wanted the voting to be divided in
thirds (unequal voting rights), riots in the streets. People rise up against foreign intervention.
Bloodbath, killing all those who may not be loyal to the republic. 1795- uprising against the
government who is killing everyone. The directory uses Napoleon defeats all Austrian armies.
Overthrows the directory and France becomes the empire of Napoleon.
Europe is riddled with wars. Creates continental block to prevent trade with England and
Russia. He attacks Russia (Napoleon gets defeated by the cold and hunger during the retreat
from Moscow) Napoleon raced back to French. Paris is taken and Napoleon is defeated and
send to the island Ellis. Napoleon used nationalism, granted Jews freedom in Paris, liberal
Congress of Vienna: Return of the Bourbons (Louis XVII), trying to settle scores and trying to
maintain the status quos, it fails because of the liberal uprisings. Growth of national music pride.
1813: Germanic revolution against French.
1848: liberal Revolutions (Austria had become a police state) Right wing government,
Wagner writing manifestos about what art should be and must escape with the help of Liszt’s
money. Failure of the Liberal Governments.
Unified countries are Italy and Germany.
Race for colonies, creating fleets, German war with France and they won.
Growth of nationalism, growing ideas and literacy.
Romanticism: in the ei