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(MUSI3480) Music History IV: Romantic Music, January 16.docx

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University of Lethbridge
MUSI 3480
Brian Black

th History IV – January 17 2013 th Characteristics of 19 – Century music th 1. Basic elements of the 18 century but creates new affects. Search for originality. Self- expression ties into romanticism. Increased emphasis on sonority. Exploring the instruments and their timbers, and breaking away from the regular accompaniment patterns. Orchestration grows. Storytelling (programmatic effects).. a. Berlioz – treatise on orchestration 2. Increasingly chromatic harmony, applied dominance and sixth chords. Chromatics is blurring and disrupting the regular harmonic progressions. 3. Freer treatment of dissonance. Delayed resolutions. Dissonance is introduced without proper rules. Blurs the progressions 4. Increasingly remote key relationships. Modal mixture. (Classical movement: fifth relations) More commonly is relationship by thirds. Beethoven uses it traditionally. a. Modal mixture: goes from C Major goes to c minor. Using the key signature of the minor you can move to e-flat major. C→ E-flat minor. 5. Increasing emphasis on melody. Cadences in classical are conventional I6 – II6/5 – V – C6/4 – V – I. Romantic composers pushed away from conventional cadences. Endless melody (Wagner): every note in the melody means something. Larger units. 6. Beginning a piece with intense material that has a relationship with the rest of the piece and to develop it. Unusual openings. 7. Irrational and throwing away formulas. 8. Use of ambiguity (form and harmony). Tonality by expression but not necessarily touching on the tonic (Dichterliebe, op.48). Diminished seventh can move either way by leading tone. German augmented sixth chords prepare the dominant. Using chords with a double sword. Tchescofsky – Romeo and Juliet. Change in view on instrumental music: • During Haydn and Mozart instrumental music wasn’t viewed highly. Not as highly as vocal music because it was music without text. Plato says that good music had text (great Greek plays). • The symphony challenges the old ideas, and changes the attitudes. More effective then vocal music because it is more powerful than words, beyond the world. • Beethoven is notable character. 5 symphony Beethoven gives man a glimpse of the world beyond music, infinite, supernatural and longing (Romantic ideal). • Instrumental music is suddenly the most powerful form of music because it is the will in the world. An Chloë – by Mozart • Rondo • Alberti base • Clear to what the tonic is • Clearly an introduction • Periodic melody Dichterliebe, Op. 48 – S
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