French Canada Conflict Overview

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University of Lethbridge
Political Science
POLI 2210
Peter Mc Cormick

Elections 2/11/2013 3:02:00 PM - Government’s have the power to fix election dates. o In sask and AB different months tend to work out and be regular o To a real extent the promise of fixed election dates does not usually alter normalacy – we just go with it  Advantages: o Follow public opinion polls o Allison Redford not knowing what she was doing almost gave us a new party for the first time in 40 years  In a parliamentary system governments usually win their elections. – Between 75 and 80 percent of the time.  Take alberta out and it’s 70 percent  2 periods have been different from this o The great depression o Early 1970s Tendency towards shorter election campaigns o Change the way in which we generate voters lists o Used to knock on doors – can’t nominate candidates until that o Stretches out campaign  Now we have permanent voters lists s o Voters list that is drawn up and kept in place permanently and updated periodically before an election is called. o Federal 5 provincial 3  People vote ---Electoral system (how we translate votes into seats) – winners --- winners get a leading role  Looks and is run like a national election, but on voting day it is a whole bunch of local elections that are supposedly and technically indeoendant – there are trends but they don’t have to exist.  All that matters in your particular riding is the vote in each particular riding.  Represenatives you get more votes than the other guys and you loe –wtf  Communitees are divided  England 16.23 percent of the vote – huttersfield – plurality  Enormous advantage – personalizes the aspect of the system.  Explaining to citizens  Winning isn’t neccearily the only thing that is involved.  Usually big parties clean up small parties get butchered o Exception is large regional concentrations. o A way of creating a parliament that is more likely to generate a government that can govern o Prevents excessive fragmentation of representation and makes a majority government more likely. o Tends to generate an artificial majority. o Since WW1 very few gov’ts have gotten more than half of the popular vote but most of our governments have been majority governments. Why? ELECTORAL SYSTEM. o Your not represented if you don’t vote for the majority o Encourages strategic voting – the process whereby you don’t vote for the party you really like and think about who has the best chane of defeating who you hate – lie with your vote. o Pretend you don’t like Stephen Harper – I love the green party, but they won’t win in Lethbridge – the world should know – or do you wanna look strategically and vote for Libs or NDP’s? o So Green party gets trampled and you vote Liberal because they might have a chance – you like them because they’re not ocnservatives o You are encouraged not to speak candidly with your vote. o Only makes sense in a single member plurality vote system – cant even explain the argument to someone who doesn’t understand it. o The logic is –one more vote and I am elected. o Encourages parties to run strategically rather than genuinely nationally. o Only campaign and care about swing ridings o To win a seat in Ab you would have to move 60 percent of voes in one riding – LOL except orange wave in QC o To win a seat in Ontario you just have to move 1 or 2 percent of the voters – theoretically that is doable. o Isnt the whole country o You can’t tell just by looking at the number whether you won or lost. o 39 percent Stephen Harper (yay) Majority government. o No necessary correlation between share of popular vote and number of seats in the legislature – all depends on where your votes went. o Ratio of our seats is the cube of the ratio of our votes o Twice as many votes – 8 times as many seats. o Cube law o o o o o o o o Drawing the lines makes a colossal difference o This is Saskatoon and the NDP is getting ripped off seats. o You can make a perfectly solid argunment o Problem
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