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Lecture 7

Psychology 2505 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Psychodynamics, Pharmacotherapy, Morphine

Course Code
Psychology 2505
Stephanie Hancock

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Abnormality Through the Psychodynamic Lens
Sigmund Freud and the power of the unconscious
Much human behaviour is determined by mental processes operating below the level of conscious
awareness, at the level of the unconscious
Cocaine pharmacotherapy (Über Coca (1884))
o Mental stimulant
o Possible treatment for digestive disorders
o Appetite stimulant in case of wasting diseases
o Treatment for asthma
o Aphrodisiac
o Anaesthetic
o Treatment for morphine and alcohol addiction
Psychodynamic theory of personality:
Basic principles:
1. Much of human behaviour in determined by dynamic (interacting) intrapsychic forces - psychic
determinism (no free will)
Abnormality result of conflicting intrapsychic forces
2. These forces generally operate unconsciously
3. The form taken by these forces in deeply affected by developmental factors, especially family
Freudian theory:
First theory
o Depth hypothesis: the mind contains 2 levels; almost all mental activity takes place

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o Perceptual conscious: Things you're aware of make up the 10% of conscious mind
o Unconscious: level of consciousness that contains all memories, desires, and emotions not
readily available to the perceptual conscious, because they have either been forgotten
(passively) or repressed (actively)
Elaboration on first theory
o Structural hypothesis: Freud's belief that the mind can be divided into 3 broad forces: the id,
the ego, and the superego
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