Oct 31/12: Language
Other differences in Communication
- Paralanguage:extralinguistic noises thataccompanylanguage (grunts,moans,pitch,pauses,etc.)
- Proxemics:the studyof how peoplestructurethe spacearound themwhen interactingwith others.
- Kinesics:the studyof body movementsthataccompany speech asa component ofcommunication
- Why do languages change?
○ Ex. When we invent new things we must come up with a new word for it.
○ Syntax rarelychanges
○ Pronunciation rarelychanges
○ Great vowelshift -> vowels beganto sound quite different
○ The come in contact with otherlanguages and borrow words fromone another.
- How are languages related to one another?
○ The more you havein common you have with anotherlanguagethe more likely you havesomethingin common with another ancestor.
○ Ex. English is considered to be part of the Germanicfamily of languages- meaningat one point it came from the same population
- What wereancestral languages like?
○ More fiction that real science as we would needto have all languages around.
○ The problemwith this is that today there are more languages that are extinct than exist. Lots of necessary evidence missing(i.e. speech,writing)
- How longago have languages separated?
Linguists have developed anumberof methods(i.e. datingmethods) t