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Sep 2612 Archeological Methods.pdf

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Dan Syrotuik

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Sep 26/12: ArcheologicalMethods September-26-12 8:22 AM Sep 26, 2012 - Context in archeology helps determine what objects are, what they were used for, by who, and how. The archeological Process Finding sites or localities - Site: a place where you find evidence of human occupation - Locality: is where you find fossils of these individuals Excavation process - Done carefully - Record everything (otherwise it's difficult to interpret what was found) Analysis - Determining how old the fossils/artifacts are Dating Method How to find sites or localities Surface Survey - Simplest way to find objects - Items are coming up to the surface through ground erosion - Looking for evidence that there may be something worth digging up (i.e. a camp or settlement) - Advantage is to find tiny things and make a judgement whether it's worth excavating Aerial photographs & Satellite images - Not searching for tiny objects but rather much larger signs and evidence of human occupation Soil marks & crop marks - Is the evidence that past buildings have left on the surface - Crop Marks: different vegetation grows on top of the surface - Soil marks: the different colors of the soil due to a different Ph balance. - Sometimes vegetation cannot grow on top of what was left behind and therefore when you fly over
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